During Ramadan Muslims, between sunrise and sunset, will abstain from food and drink - as well as ill actions and impure thoughts. This is a time for reflection and contemplation, as well as a time for giving which is why Muslims are obliged to pay Zakat ul-Fitr (Fitrana) during Ramadan before the Eid prayers begin.
As the Islamic calendar goes by the sighting of the moon, Ramadan will fall roughly 10 days earlier each year in the Gregorian calendar and, thus, there is no exact time and date. When Ramadan falls during the summer months, this often means that Muslims will be fasting for between 18 and 20 hours a day (depending on their location), while the years that Ramadan falls in the winter months means a considerably shorter fasting period.
What is Zakat ?
Zakat is a mandatory process for Muslims and is regarded as a form of worship. Giving away money to the poor is said to purify yearly earnings that are over and above what is required to provide the essential needs of a person or family.
Night of Power
Ramadan holds a special place in Islam because this is when the Holy Qur'an was first revealed to the Prophet (PBUH). It is widely believed that this happened on the 27th night of Ramadan, which is known as Laylat-ul-Qadr, or the Night of Power, although some scholars believe this could have happened on any of the odd-numbered nights in the last 10 nights of Ramadan. The Night of Power is the most popular time for Muslims to make their charitable payments, such as Fitrana and Zakat, as this night comes with increased rewards and blessings - multiplied by that of a thousand months.